This course provides a survey of modern Indian history beginning with the introduction of Islam to the Indian Subcontinent. Themes covered in the course include social and economic history, state formation, colonialism, nationalism, secularism, democracy, communalism, globalization and refashioning of religious identities. However, we will specifically examine colonial discourse on modernity and the subsequent emergence of cultural and religious reform movements in India. This course takes an interdisciplinary approach to the history of the Indian subcontinent, using tools taken from history, anthropology, literary criticism, and film studies. Given the interconnected nature of world history, the course will enable students to acquire the tools to understand colonialism, nationalism, and social change in other parts of the world.