FIH 321: Seminar in Nineteenth-Century Art -- Arts and Crafts and Art Nouveau. This course will explore two 19th century movements that mixed the fine arts with the decorative arts in order to add depth and richness to daily life. The Arts and Crafts movement – highly critical of industrialization – promoted an aesthetic of simplicity, truthfulness, and spiritual uplift. Inspired by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a radical group of British painters who preferred the medieval period to the Renaissance, Arts and Crafts artists collaborated to produce innovative, aesthetically powerful works in mediums ranging from wood to stained glass to embroidery. On the heels of Arts and Crafts came the international style known as Art nouveau. Like their predecessors, Art nouveau artists looked to other cultures and time periods for inspiration, and were interested in literature and fantasy themes. Unlike the purists of Arts and Crafts, Art nouveau artists often embraced industrial materials and modern methods of production. Their goal? To transport themselves and their clients/viewers into new worlds of intense sensation.