How do we remember mass atrocities? How do societies build a more peaceful future in the wake of conflict? How do they seek peace and justice? One major method for reconciling post-conflict societies to the traumatic memories of conflict in recent years has been the “truth commission.” This course surveys truth and reconciliation commissions in throughout the world. Starting with concepts of "transitional justice," it examines early truth-seeking in South America, the famous Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, and contemporary cases in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America, with a focus on the little-known but influential and important truth process in Timor-Leste (East Timor).